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When to Ditch the Bottle: A Guide for Parents

Ditching the bottle

As a Sleep Sense Consultant, one of the most common questions I receive from parents is about when to transition their child from a bottle to a cup. This milestone can be both exciting and challenging. Understanding the right age and reasons for making this change can help ensure a smooth transition for your child and support their overall health and development.

The Recommended Age

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends that parents start the transition from bottle to cup at around 12 months of age. By 16 months, most children should be fully weaned off the bottle. This timeframe is not only ideal for encouraging developmental milestones but also for preventing potential health issues associated with prolonged bottle use.

Why Make the Switch?

Dental Health

Prolonged bottle use, especially with milk or sugary drinks, can lead to tooth decay. According to a study published in the Journal of Pediatrics, toddlers who use a bottle beyond 12 months are at a higher risk for developing cavities. The sugar in milk and juice can pool around the teeth, creating an environment for bacteria to thrive.

Oral Development

Extended bottle use can affect the development of a child’s oral muscles and palate. The sucking motion required for bottle feeding is different from that used for drinking from a cup. A study from the American Dental Association highlights that long-term bottle use can contribute to issues such as misaligned teeth and improper jaw development.

Encouraging Independence

Transitioning to a cup is a significant step towards independence for your child. It encourages the development of fine motor skills and hand-eye coordination. Using a cup requires different muscle movements, which are crucial for speech development and overall motor skills.

Nutritional Balance

Children who rely heavily on bottle feeding might consume excessive amounts of milk, which can lead to iron deficiency anemia. A study in the Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition found that toddlers who drink more than 24 ounces of milk per day are at a higher risk of this condition. By transitioning to a cup, you can help ensure your child is receiving a balanced diet with a variety of nutrients.

Bottle as a Sleep Prop Many parents use bottles as part of the bedtime routine, which can turn the bottle into a sleep prop. This dependency can interfere with the development of independent sleep skills. Eliminating the bedtime bottle encourages healthier sleep habits and self-soothing techniques​

How to Transition

Start Gradually

Begin by introducing a sippy cup with water during meals. Allow your child to explore and play with the cup to become familiar with it.

Reduce Bottle Use

Gradually decrease the number of bottles offered, starting with daytime bottles. Replace them with cups during meals and snacks.

Offer Positive Reinforcement

Praise and encourage your child when they use the cup. Positive reinforcement can make the transition smoother and more enjoyable.

Consistency is Key

Be consistent with the transition. If you decide to eliminate the bedtime bottle, stick to it. Offer comfort in other ways, such as through a bedtime story or cuddle.

Lead by Example

Children often mimic their parents. Drink from a cup in front of your child to show them that it’s the normal way to consume beverages.

Schedule your complimentary sleep evaluation call to learn how I can help you and your family get the much-needed sleep you all need and deserve!


American Academy of Pediatrics. (2017). Preventive Oral Health Intervention for Pediatricians.

Journal of Pediatrics. (2011). Prolonged Bottle Feeding and Dental Caries Risk.

American Dental Association. (2019). Impact of Prolonged Bottle Use on Oral Development.

Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition. (2015). Milk Consumption and Iron Deficiency Anemia in Toddlers.

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